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For the coach and athlete, the primary goal of the training process is to enhance performance. However, it may be argued that enhancing performance is actually a process of intentionally repeating stimuli (exercise), which result in recovery-adaptation, while attempting to avoid overstress-overtraining. There are basically two methods a coach and an athlete can use to enhance the stimulus-recovery adaptation process:

1. Reasonable planning and execution of the training program, which should include not only the training stimulus, but also built in rest.
2. Adopting reasonable methods of enhancing recover-adaptation other than training (e.g., nutrition, nutritional supplements, possibly massage or vibration).

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